Sabtu, 03 Oktober 2009

Types of Auctions

English Auction : This type of auction is used at English auction houses like Phillips, Sotheby's, and Christie's. The process starts when the auctioneer announces the item and the minimum bid. Individuals openly try to outbid each other wherein each bid is higher than the previous one. The item is sold when the 'buy-out' price is reached or when there is no other person willing to place a higher bid. The 'buy-out' price is a pre-determined amount that is set by the seller.

In other cases, 'absentee bidding' is accepted wherein an individual will cast his or her bid online or through a telephone.

In an English auction, a 'reserve' price may be set. This is the lowest amount at which the seller is willing to sell the item. This gives the seller the right to refuse the sale if the final bid does not reach the reserve price.

One variant of the English auction is the silent auction wherein people can write down their bids together with their name on a piece of paper. At the end of the auction, the bids will be calculated and the highest bidder wins the item.

Dutch Auction : This is a type of auction where the auctioneer begins by announcing the highest asking price. The amount is then lowered until someone is willing to buy the item. The bidder pays for the last announced price. This type of auction is convenient if the seller wants to sell the goods quickly since the process requires just a single bid to get a sale.

Chinese Auction : This is basically an auction and a raffle combined. At Chinese auction, the bidders are not the ones who will call the price. Instead, the bidders will buy a ticker or tickets and place them inside the "hat" from which the winners will be drawn for a specific item. The bidders can buy as much tickets as they want to increase their chances of winning. It is unclear whether or not this type of auction originates in China but for sure, the term is more likely to come from "chance auction".

Sealed auction : This is a form of auction where participants place their bids in a concealed way, usually in an envelope. The highest bidder wins and pays the amount of his bid to the seller. A similar version, called the second-price sealed auction is a type of auction where the highest bidder wins but pays the price of the second highest bid.

All-pay Auction : This is a type of auction where all the bidders must pay for the amount they bid regardless of whether they win or not. The highest bidder wins the item.

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